In the ed tech world, we use the SAMR model (Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition) to describe the integration of technology into the classroom. It uses big words, and can be kind of confusing. Thankfully, Jonathan Brubacker created this very cool graphic that sums it up handily. He uses a coffee metaphor, implying that the simplest way to integrate technology (substitution) is the equivalent of buying a plain cup of coffee from Starbucks rather than brewing at home. As the integration becomes more complex, the coffee drink does too, so that it is no longer the simple cup of coffee you make at home, but instead a complete redefinition of caffeinated drinks.
Next time you’re thinking about adding technology to your classroom, think about SAMR. Are you just substituting one task with another? Or are you using technology as a tool to allow for innovation and creativity that wouldn’t otherwise be possible?